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深圳|共进社:聊聊可持续授粉Sustainable Pollination









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发表于 2019-5-5 16:50:55 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Honeybees have thrived for 50 million years, each colony 40 to 50,000 individuals coordinated in amazing harmony. So why, seven years ago, did colonies start dying en masse?  This is not simply a problem because bees pollinate a third of the world’s crops. Could this incredible species be holding up a mirror for us? We‘ll invite Chaihuo member Roger to share how to protect bees in a high tech way on May 8th 7:30 pm.

The insects and wild bee pollinator populations have suffered an extinction event. Scientists began warning of this more than two decades ago. Unfortunately, this has a huge negative effect on human food security. The reason for that is about 70% of our food relies directly or indirectly on the pollination of crop flowers. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) placed a value in excess of US$235 billion on global food produced relying on pollination. Currently, the US dollar value of all the honey, wax, propolis and royal jelly produced worldwide is approximately $2 billion. So it turns out honey is not at all important, however making sure the surviving honey bee colonies under human management to not go extinct is extremely important.
二十多年前,科学家就已经开始给出警告:包括昆虫、野生蜜蜂在内的传粉动物已经出现灭绝趋向。 而这也对人类的粮食安全产生了巨大的负面影响,因为全球大约70%的食物产量直接或间接地取决于作物花卉的授粉。 联合国粮食及农业组织曾有过数据:全球依赖授粉生产的粮食价值超过2,350亿美元。 但目前全球生产的所有蜂蜜,蜂蜡,蜂胶和蜂王浆的美元价值仅约为20亿美元。 这两个数字反差表明,蜂蜜并不重要,但要确保人类管理下的幸存蜂蜜蜂群不会灭绝,这一点却非常重要。

Why are bees and insects dying out?

There is no clear consensus, however most likely a combination of the effects of herbicides, pesticides and a large number of beetles, moths, wasps, microbes, viruses. Pesticides are chemicals designed to kill insects. The global use of herbicides has practically eliminated the wide variety of weeds bees need in order to survive in the wild. One particular pest, called the Varroa Mite is extremely infectious and it weakens and then kills bee colonies.
没有明确的保护物种共识固然是一大原因,但对这些物种最大的伤害却是来自于除草剂、杀虫剂、大量甲虫、飞蛾、黄蜂、微生物和病毒的组合影响,例如:由化学物质组成的杀虫剂杀死所有昆虫;全球大范围使用除草剂,除去了野生蜜蜂所需的各种杂草;瓦螨(Varroa Mite) 一种特殊的害虫,具有极强的传染性,它会减弱并杀死蜂群。

“Someday we shall look back on this dark era of agriculture and shake our heads. How could we have ever believed that it was a good idea to grow our food with poisons?” - attributed to Dr. Jane Goodall, the respected primatologist and anthropologist.
受人尊敬的灵长类动物学家和人类学家Jane Goodall博士曾经说过:“总有一天,我们在回顾这个黑暗的农业时代时,要无奈地摇头。 我们怎么会用毒药来种植我们的食物?“

What has been done so far?

Commercial bee farmers have tried working a lot harder, that has increased their costs, but it has not turned around their unsustainable levels of colony losses. At BuzzCloud we realized that the commercial bee farmers had no idea which colonies most urgently needed their lifesaving manual interventions. We have worked out how to provide that information using our iBuzzHive Platform.

The iBuzzHive has >5 design features included solely for improving the health and well-being of bee colonies. One of those features is the ability to offer bee farmers a method of up to 100% Varroa Mite killing. Currently, best practice uses a chemical vapor which kills the mites - however, the vapor cannot reach brood larvae in sealed cells, so the mites just carry on multiplying after a brief decrease in numbers.

Then we use electronic sensors inside each hive and transfers their data to our AI servers. AI curates raw sensor data into high-value Smart Alerts. So using the iBuzzHive Platform means bee farmer staff will get a list of hives on their mobile phone marked RED. These hives have colonies about to die, so they must intervene with 24 hours otherwise the colony will die. The next group of hives is marked AMBER, and these hives need intervention within 3 days otherwise the will be marked RED. All healthy hives are marked GREEN.

分享者:Roger Lewis
Roger is focused on delivering Sustainable Pollination using Smart beehives and AI. He has more than 30 years of experience in Hardware development. Roger is the founder of BuzzCloud.

时间: 5月8日(周三) 19:30开始

Time: 19:30 - 21:00, March 13 (Wednesday), 2019
Location: Chaihuo x.factory (B608, Design Commune, Dashi 2nd Road, Nanshan District, Shenzhen)
Fee: Free


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